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Research methods: Null Hypothesis formulation & testing, dependent & independent variables, qualitative, quantitative and categorical data, measurement scales, descriptive and inferential statistics (measures of central tendency, significance testing, ANOVA, repeated measures, posthoc testing, correlations, chi-square tests); Experimental design:single subject, between-group and within-group designs, randomization, factorial, parametric, subtractive, conjunction type designs; Research Tools: Review of basic mathematics, experimental psychology software (psychtoolbox, eprimeetc), Statistics using PSPP/Matlab/R; Research ethics and scientific writing with reference to APA guidelines.
Mechanistic/algorithmic approaches and issues addressed by these approaches: parallel versus serial processing, flow of information, timing effects.
Geotechnical investigations, reconnaissance and investigation plan, drilling, sampling, field-tests, groundwater level, laboratory tests, etc.; Stress-strain-strength behavior of soils, Triaxial tests – UU, CU and CD tests, stress paths, Skempton’s pore-pressure parameters, sample disturbance; Stability of slopes, limit equilibrium methods, ordinary methods of slices and simplified Bishop method, factors of safety; Seepage and stability of earth embankments, Types of foundations - shallow/deep, isolated, combined, mat, etc., contact pressure distributions, soil - foundation interactions, basics of structural design; Design of shallow foundation, bearing capacity, stress distribution in soils, total and differential settlement, plate-load test, structural forces and design; Retaining structures, gravity, cantilever, counterfort, reinforced earth, etc., design and checks for stability; Design of deep foundations, piles, pile groups, well foundations, shaft and base resistances, downdrag, pile load tests; Special topics – Geosynthetics, reinforced earth structures, ground improvement techniques, machine foundations.
Cost estimating and bidding: material estimates, labor and equipment costs, cost control, purchasing, tender bidding; Project scheduling: bar charts, PERT, CPM, network diagrams; Project management: quality assurance, crisis management, claims management, safety; Construction machinery and methods; Construction accounting and budgeting; Construction law: building codes, local laws, approvals, environmental impact; arbitration; Construction blueprint and plan reading, environmental considerations; Client relations; Introduction to use of project management software Role of constitutive modeling; Importance of laboratory testing with relation to constitutive modeling; Elasticity: linear, quasilinear, anisotropic; Plasticity basics: yield criteria, flow rule, plastic potential, hardening/softening; Rate Independent Plasticity: Mohr-Coulomb, Non-linear failure criteria, Drucker-Prager, and cap models; Critical state soil mechanics: critical state concept, cam-clay models and simulation; Stress-dilatancy theory; Work hardening plasticity theory: formulation and implementation; Applications of elasto-plastic models; Special Topics: hypoelasticity-plasticity, disturbed state concept.
Background on stones, bricks, tiles, cement, steel, concrete, paints and polymers with relevant discussions of IS code provisions; concrete mix design; durability of concrete.
Concepts of GPS; GPS receivers; GPS positioning mode- point positioning & relative positioning (DGPS & RTK GPS); GPS accuracy and error sources, Applications of GPS.Drawing profile sections and interpretation of geological maps of different complexities.Special topics inf the form of case studies will be discussed related to: Introduction to sustainability: humanity and environment, the evolution of environmental policy, climate and global change, climate processes: external and internal controls, modern climate change, climate projections, biosphere, soil and sustainability, biodiversity and ecosystem functions, physical resources: water, pollution, minerals, environmental and resource economics, modern environmental management, systems of waste management, sustainable energy systems, sustainable infrastructure, embodied energy, life cycle, sustainable materials and construction, problem solving and tools of sustainability Phase relations; Soil classification, index properties, grain-size distribution; Effective stress principle; Flow through porous media, Darcy’s law, permeability, different heads, 2-D Seepage and flow nets; Compaction characteristics; Compressibility and Consolidation characteristics, 1-D compression response, Terzaghi’s theory of consolidation, secondary consolidation; Settlement of foundations, immediate and time-dependent settlement, allowable settlement; Shear-strength of Soil, Mohr-coulomb failure criteria, direct shear and UC tests; in situ test – SPT, CPT; Earth-pressure theory, Coulomb and Rankine approaches; Bearing capacity, failure modes, generalized bearing capacity equation, net- and gross bearing capacity, allowable bearing pressure.Transients in open channel flows: Causes of transients, Governing equations, Method of characteristics, Explicit and Implicit Finite Difference methods, Sediment routing, Coordinate transformation and two-Dimensional flow simulations, VOF method for surface tracking.Historical background, Types, Manufacturing Methods, Functions, Typical Applications; Geosynthetic Testing, Physical, Mechanical, Construction survivability and durability testing of Geotextiles and Geogrids; Principles of Soil Reinforcement, Types of Reinforcement, Testing, Allowable loads for design (creep etc.), Elements of Design NCMA Method, Fill Material, Detailed Design of Reinforced Soil Walls (BS 8006), Reinforced Slopes (BS 8006), Facia and Construction Methodology, Specifications, Bearing capacity Improvement, Embankments on soft soils, Basal Reinforcement – Design, Geocell – Design, Construction and Specification, IRC/MORTH Guidelines, Case Histories; Filteration and Drainage, Principles, Typical applications, Dams, French Drains, Testing, Design Principles, Specifications; Pavements and Airports; Influence of cyclic loading, Design for soft soils (unpaved) and new construction – Granular layers, GS in Bituminous Pavements – new construction and rehabilitation, Construction and specifications, Rural Road applications, Railway Tracks, Indian experiences; Natural fibre Materials, Jute and Coir Geotextiles - Products, Processes; Environmental Control, Erosion Control, Mechanics of Erosion, Methods of Control, Products, Design for various conditions, Silt Control, Land slides – Occurrence and methods of mitigation, Liners for Pounds and Canals; Engineered Landfills, Municipal Solid Waste, Hazardous Waste Landfills, Site location –MOEF Guidelines, Covers and liners, GCLs, Material aspects and, Design, construction and maintenance, the Indian Scenario Review of Elementary Structural Analysis, Static indeterminacy, Indeterminate system, Truss analysis, Energy Method, Slope-Deflection Method, Analysis of Portal Frames; Matrix method of Structural Analysis, Structural analysis using stiffness matrix and flexibility matrix, and Direct stiffness method; Conceptual Transition from Direct Stiffness Method to Finite Element method, Truss and frame elements, Shape functions, Properties of stiffness matrix, Discretization; Introduction to Nonlinear Analysis, Introduction of geometric and material nonlinearities, P-delta effect, Moment-Curvature relation, Moment – Rotation relation, P-M-M interaction; Special topics: Nonlinear Analysis of structures, 2D Frame analysis with geometric nonlinearity, 2D Frame analysis with material nonlinearity, 2D Frame analysis with both geometric and material nonlinearities.